I’ve managed to get a simple game working on my micro:bit OLED display, and I ditched the breadboard at the same time, meaning that it should be possible to build this into a small case. I may even add some external buttons and perhaps some sound?
Here’s what I used:
- A micro:bit
- A Pimoroni pin:bit edge connector (the Adafruit DragonTail would work equally well, with the Kitronik one you have to solder extra pins to get to the i2c interface pins).
- 4 female to female jumper wires
- A cheap 0.96″ SSD1306 OLED display
- The online Python editor for micro:bit
- Some of these Python libraries: https://github.com/fizban99/microbit_ssd1306 – ssd1306, _stamp, _img and _text
I added the extra Python modules using the new micro:bit Python editor’s feature to add extra files to your projects. It supports WebUSB, so using a recent version of Chrome you can flash Python projects straight onto your micro:bit without having to drag and drop HEX files.
Connecting the OLED is easy, especially if you have the well-labelled pin:bit – connect micro:bit 3v to VCC on the display, GND to GND, micro:bit pin 19 SCL (serial clock) to the display’s SCL pin and micro:bit pin 20 (SDA / serial data) to the SDA pin on the display.
The program works by creating ‘stamps’ – like crude sprites – for 3 hazards (a duck, a ghost and a tortoise), all using graphics from the micro:bit’s own built-in 5×5 icons. This is a neat touch that avoids having to create your own bitmap graphics.
You move left and right using A and B buttons, and press A+B together to move forward – you can’t move backwards! When you reach the top you level up, complete 10 levels to win.
There was no function I could find in the Python modules to invert the screen, which is possible if you know what control codes to send, so I added the flash() function which will flash the screen any number of times by making the screen negative then positive quickly in succession. I use this effect when you level up, win or lose.
The levels don’t get harder – it’s running as fast as it can, so I can’t speed it up. To make it more challenging I might add more hazards or slow the player down in some way. Adding sound would also be a logical next step, along with building into a small case, perhaps with some external buttons.
My main Python game program is here, and you can download the whole project HEX file here.
from ssd1306 import initialize, clear_oled, command from ssd1306_stamp import draw_stamp from ssd1306_img import create_stamp from ssd1306_text import add_text from microbit import sleep, display as LED, Image, button_a as A, button_b as B def flash(times): for i in range(times): command([0xa7]) sleep(300) command([0xa6]) sleep(300) def move_stamp(x1, y1, x2, y2, stmp): draw_stamp(x1, y1, stmp, 0, 0) draw_stamp(x2, y2, stmp, 1, 1) alive = True level = 0 ghostx, ghosty = 3, 10 ghostDirection = 1 tortoiseX, tortoiseY = 40, 20 tortoiseDirection = -1 duckX, duckY = 20, 5 duckDirection = 1 playerX, playerY = 32, 27 LED.show(level) initialize() clear_oled() ghost = create_stamp(Image.GHOST) tortoise = create_stamp(Image.TORTOISE) duck = create_stamp(Image.DUCK) player = create_stamp(Image.TRIANGLE) draw_stamp(ghostx, ghosty, ghost, 1) draw_stamp(tortoiseX, tortoiseY, tortoise, 1) draw_stamp(duckX, duckY, duck, 1) draw_stamp(playerX, playerY, player, 1) while alive: oldGhostX = ghostx ghostx += ghostDirection if ghostx > 58: ghostDirection = -1 if ghostx < 3: ghostDirection = 1 move_stamp(oldGhostX, ghosty, ghostx, ghosty, ghost) oldTortoiseX = tortoiseX tortoiseX += tortoiseDirection if tortoiseX > 58: tortoiseDirection = -1 if tortoiseX < 3: tortoiseDirection = 1 move_stamp(oldTortoiseX, tortoiseY, tortoiseX, tortoiseY, tortoise) oldDuckX = duckX duckX += duckDirection if duckX > 58: duckDirection = -1 if duckX < 3: duckDirection = 1 move_stamp(oldDuckX, duckY, duckX, duckY, duck) oldPlayerX = playerX playerX = playerX - 1 if (A.is_pressed() and playerX > 0) else playerX playerX = playerX + 1 if (B.is_pressed() and playerX < 58) else playerX oldPlayerY = playerY playerY = playerY - 1 if (A.is_pressed() and B.is_pressed() and playerY > 0) else playerY if oldPlayerX != playerX or oldPlayerY != playerY: move_stamp(oldPlayerX, oldPlayerY, playerX, playerY, player) # have we reached the top? if playerY == 1: level = level + 1 LED.show(level) flash(1) draw_stamp(playerX, playerY, player, 0) playerX, playerY = 32, 27 draw_stamp(playerX, playerY, player, 1) # have we won? if level == 10: alive = False # have we hit anything? if ghostx-3 <= playerX <= ghostx+3 and ghosty-3 <= playerY <= ghosty+3 \ or tortoiseX-3 <= playerX <= tortoiseX+3 and tortoiseY-3 <= playerY <= tortoiseY+3 \ or duckX-3 <= playerX <= duckX+3 and duckY-3 <= playerY <= duckY+3: alive = False if level == 10: LED.show(Image.HAPPY) clear_oled() add_text(3, 1, 'You win!') flash(5) else: LED.show(Image.SKULL) clear_oled() add_text(2, 1, 'Game over!') flash(5)
Beta Python editor update
Why not try the new micro:bit Python editor (in Beta as at 22 June 2022) with this code and see how you like it? Download the HEX file from further up this page and drag and drop it onto the editor to load all the files: